Due to the similarity of the course and symptoms of interstitial pneumonia with influenza, doctors often prescribe incorrect antibiotic therapy. Because of this, the disease drags on and becomes more complicated. With proper diagnosis and treatment, recovery takes about six months. Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. It is more often observed in adults 40-50 years old. The etiology in most cases remains unclear and manifests itself against the background of lung diseases. Her symptoms. low-grade fever, flu-like symptoms, exhaustion of the nervous system. Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia is often focal in nature; with a correct diagnosis and prescribed treatment regimen, it responds well to treatment.
Desquamative interstitial pneumonia. It develops as a chronic disease and is quite rare. It affects mainly adults with many years of smoking experience (in 90% of cases), as well as in children as a complication after pneumonia. The disease develops gradually, secretly - without the appearance of characteristic pneumonia symptoms for several years. If symptoms increase, the malaise is usually explained by the negative consequences of smoking. The inflammatory process is accompanied by cell exfoliation and anatomical enlargement of the walls of the alveoli. Changes in the structure of the lungs, resembling ground glass, are detected only with x-rays. The prognosis of the disease is usually positive.
It is quite rare, usually in older women. In addition to cough and shortness of nootropil, it is manifested by fever, joint pain, weight loss, and alveolar-interstitial infiltrates are visible on x-rays. Recovery is possible with proper and timely treatment. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. It develops unnoticed, with a gradual increase in symptoms. The disease is chronic and develops mainly in smokers and people involved in poultry farming or working in poorly ventilated areas. With fibrosis, irreversible thickening of the walls of the alveoli occurs, and normal gas exchange is disrupted. The disease is manifested by difficulty breathing, increased shortness of breath, pain in the chest and muscles, and fever. As the disease progresses, cor pulmonale develops, veins swell, the skin becomes blue, nail plates become deformed, and weight decreases.
When listening to the lungs, bilateral crepitus is detected, x-rays show a ground glass effect in the inflamed organ. In advanced cases, lung damage looks like a honeycomb - such changes also indicate the addition of cardiovascular failure and the development of cor pulmonale. If the disease is not detected in a timely manner and there is no treatment, death occurs.
It develops mainly in long-term smokers. The disease does not have pronounced symptoms. The examination reveals damage to buy piracetam online. With timely treatment and complete cessation of the bad habit, the prognosis is favorable, but relapses cannot be ruled out. The difficulty in determining an accurate diagnosis lies in the hidden course of interstitial pneumonia. Symptoms are usually vague, inexpressive, and are often attributed to manifestations of other diseases. If the diagnosis is incorrect or there is a delay in seeing a doctor, the disease prolongs and becomes more complicated. Therefore, if a person often complains of feeling unwell, it is necessary to send him for examination to identify pathology or make sure that it is absent.
The inflammatory process in the respiratory organs can only be determined with the help of special studies. This is what they are used for. Computed tomography is the most effective method. Allows you to study the condition and changes in lung tissue, the type of its damage X-ray (pictures are taken in 2 projections) Measurement of external respiratory functions ECG - if heart pathology is suspected Biopsy of lung tissue is an effective but labor-intensive method, it is used to clarify the diagnosis. The affected tissue is usually removed during surgery or thoracoscopy.
Timely diagnosis is of great importance for the success of treatment. The sooner a change in lung tissue is detected and X-ray and other studies are performed, the greater the chance of a favorable prognosis. Typically, lung tissue damage appears as ground glass, honeycomb, or a mixture of forms. Idiopathic pneumonia differs from the usual ones in the use ofreparations. Unlike the classic disease, such inflammations are not treated with antibiotics, since they have a different nature of occurrence. They are used only in cases where interstitial pneumonia is accompanied by a microbial infection.
The goal of therapy is to suppress the inflammatory process; for this purpose, medications with a strong anti-inflammatory effect are used - hormonal drugs. If the condition worsens, at the fibrosis stage, patients are prescribed oxygen therapy. Antipyretics, bronchodilators, painkillers, etc. are also prescribed. Treatment usually takes a long time – an average of 3-6 months – depending on the severity of the disease and the patient’s condition. Periodic examinations are carried out to check the effectiveness of therapy. If they detect a decrease in inflammation and a decrease in symptoms, then treatment is continued. If the condition worsens, the regimen is changed and other drugs are prescribed.
Interstitial (or interstitial) pneumonia - inflammation of nootropil pills of the lungs - refers to diseases with an unclear etiology. The disease develops secretly, without pronounced symptoms, which is dangerous for humans. Special studies (X-ray, CT, etc.) are required to detail the diagnosis. If the disease is untreated, complications occur that can cause the death of piracetam pills.
When a patient is diagnosed with interstitial pneumonia, many people wonder what it is, what differences does the disease imply from the standard manifestation of pneumonia? The differences are that in the presence of this disease, the interstitium becomes inflamed, then the alveoli of the lungs. In the absence of timely treatment, connective tissue grows, which leads to disappointing prognosis. In our article we will look at the symptoms and treatment of interstitial pneumonia in adults and children.
Since this form of pneumonia does not occur very often, the reasons for its development are not fully understood. According to medical practice, the main causes of the development of the disease are pathogenic bacteria and infections that may be contained in dust. The risk of developing interstitial pneumonia increases significantly in long-term smokers, as well as in people suffering from the human immunodeficiency virus. Interstitial pneumonia is divided into several types, depending on which the patient may experience different symptoms. Common signs of the disease include constant drowsiness, severe cough, mostly wet, and general malaise. Let's consider what symptoms may indicate this disease, depending on its type.